Framework and regulations
Regulatory framework and basic regulations
In the new official university teaching regulations, introduced (due to requirements of the process of building the European Higher Education Area) with the Organic Law 4/2007, of 12 April, which modified the Organic Law 6/2001 of 21 December, of Universities, and developed by the Royal Decree 1393/2007, of 29 October, modified by Royal Decree 43/2015, of 2 February, and by the Royal Decree 43/2015, by which official university teaching is established, special emphasis has been given to undertaking external practical experience by university students, anticipating that Degree study programs will contain “all the theoretical and practical training that the student must acquire” among which are mentioned “external work experience” (article 12.2), and that “if external academic work experience is scheduled, that is should cover 25 percent of the total credits of the degree and must be offered preferably in the second half of the "study program” (article 12.6).
In this sense, the University Student Statute, approved by the Royal Decree 1791/2010 of 30 December, recognises in article 8 the right of Degree students to “have the possibility of doing work experience, curricular or extracurricular, which may be done in external entities and in the University centres, structures or services in accordance with the modality foreseen and guaranteeing its validity on terminating the training” (section f) and “to provide effective, academic and professional tutoring (...) during the external work experience which is provided for in the syllabus” (section g).
Royal Decree 592/2014 develops, specifies and clarifies some of the aspects, such as the aim of the work experience, the collaborating entities and recipients, requirements, tutorials and contents of the educational cooperation agreements. In addition, said regulation must promote the inclusion of students in work experience in the field of public administrations and private enterprises, promoting the employability of future professionals, strengthening their capacity of entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation and responding to the commitment to economic transformation based on the information society.